Fat also plays an important role in leavening our baked goods. When solid fat is creamed with sugar it supports the web of air that is beaten into the two ingredients which lifts and leavens our baked goods. Butter also contains a percentage of water that evaporates off when it is baked, creating lift.
What is the role of fat in baking?
Fats have four main purposes in baking: They tenderize the product by coating and weakening the gluten bonds within the structure. Even though they contain little or no moisture, they provide the illusion of wetness. Fats don’t evaporate or become absorbed with heat like water does.
What are 4 functions of fats as an ingredient in baking?
The following summarize the various functions of fat in baking.
- Tenderizing Agents. Used in sufficient quantity, fats tend to “shorten” the gluten strands in flour; hence their name: shortenings. …
- Creaming Ability. …
- Plastic Range. …
- Lubrication. …
- Moistening Ability. …
What is the benefit of a plastic fat when baking?
Solid fat, as in butter or shortening, is technically referred to as “plastic” fat because when beaten with sugar, such as in a buttercake recipe, they can hold air bubbles in their creamy, malleable mass. These types can also be used as a spacer, such as a pie crust or for leavening, such as in puff pastry.
What is the function of fat in cookies?
Fat is one of the big factors in what makes cookies so delicious — it tenderizes by coating the gluten molecules in flour so they don’t combine as easily and toughen the finished product. Fats also add moisture and, when creamed together with sugar, help form little pockets of air to create a fluffier texture.
Can I use fat spread for baking?
Generally, you can use reduced-fat spread instead of butter and you shouldn’t notice a difference in taste or texture. Just be sure to use a spread with no less than 60% fat. Although there are spreads with less fat than this, they tend not to work so well in baking. The same applies to pastry.
What is the best fat to use in pastry?
- The pros: Oil combines with flour and water very easily to create a dough. …
- The cons: Using oil creates a mealy, breakable dough that is more difficult to roll out and transfer into a pie pan. …
- The pros: Butter has the best flavor and it forms light, lofty, flaky layers in pie crust.
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What are the 7 functions of fat?
The Functions of Fats in the Body
- Storing Energy. …
- Insulating and Protecting. …
- Regulating and Signaling. …
- Aiding Absorption and Increasing Bioavailability. …
- Contributing to the Smell, Taste, and Satiety of Foods. …
- Providing Essential Fatty Acids. …
- Attributions: …
What does milk do in a cake?
Milk is used in baked products to improve texture and mouthfeel. The protein in milk also gives a soft crumb structure in cakes, and contributes to the moisture, colour and flavour of a baked product. Cakes that contain milk also tend to have a longer shelf life.
How do different fats affect baking?
All oils function the same in baking as they are 100% fat. The main function of liquid fats (oils) is to add richness and tenderness, and because they do not solidify when cooled they create baked goods that are more tender than baked goods made with solid fats.
Which type of fat helps mix fat and water?
An emulsifier is a molecule with a water soluble (hydrophilic) part and a fat soluble (lipophilic) part. The combination of these two characteristics in one molecule gives it the unique property that the emulsifier can dissolve as well in fat, as in water, and can aid in mixing the two fractions.
What are the two main ways that emulsifiers contribute to tenderness in baked goods?
First, emulsifiers help fats and oils disperse throughout baked goods, so the fats and oils coat structure builders more completely. Second, emulsifiers themselves are extremely effective at coating structure builders. In fact, the amount of fat in baked goods can be reduced when emulsifiers are added.
What is the primary Leavener for pie crust?
Steam as a Leavening Agent
Steam is the leavening agent in popovers and cream puffs. Steam contributes a little leavening in cakes and pie crusts. The baking temperature for quick breads, whose primary leavening agent is steam, needs to be quite high. Usually the baking temperature will be around 400 F.
How does baking reduce fat?
Reduce the amount of fat, sugar and salt
You often can reduce the amount of fat, sugar and salt without sacrificing flavor in healthy recipes. Use these general guidelines: Fat. For baked goods, use half the butter, shortening or oil and replace the other half with unsweetened applesauce, mashed banana or prune puree.
Which fat can be used to make biscuits?
Far cheaper and easier to work with than butter, shortening is a frequent ingredient in many Southern restaurant biscuits. What we think of today as shortening is made from hydrogenated vegetable oil and became popular in the mid-20th century as a replacement for animal fats.
What is the role of water in baking?
Water serves as a solvent and dispersing agent (for salt, sugar, and yeast). Water is necessary for yeast fermentation and reproduction; softer doughs will ferment more quickly than dry doughs. Water is responsible for the consistency of bread dough.